Posted: December 3rd, 2022

Transtheoretical model (TTM) Essay

Transtheoretical model (TTM) Essay
Topic 1 DQ 2

Describe a health promotion model used to initiate behavioral changes. How does this model help in teaching behavioral changes? What are some of the barriers that affect a patient’s ability to learn? How does a patient’s readiness to learn, or readiness to change, affect learning outcomes?

It is a professional and ethical responsibility for nurses to provide patients with evidence-based health education and health counseling (Richard, Evans, & Williams, 2017, Transtheoretical model (TTM) Essay. The nurse must assess for individual patient learning style, and assess readiness for patient to receive education. Nurses can use many resources and different tools to promote health for patients. Nurses in all settings teach and counsel patients by promoting behavior change in current lifestyle practices and encouraging them to reduce behaviors that put them at risk and can lead to illness or worsening of chronic illness. Transtheoretical model (TTM) Essay The nurse can utilize the Transtheoretical model (TTM) to assess the patients’ readiness to create a change in behavior. The model, formed by psychologists Prochaska and DiClemente in 1984, was originally used to help with smoking cessation. Since then, its application to achieve successful implementation of behavioral objectives has been useful. According to the TTM, behavior change progresses through six stages before change occurs. By assessing the patient’s readiness to change, the nurse can create appropriate behavioral objectives for the patient’s current stage (Edelman et al., 2014,


The stages of change toward the goal of behavior change to promote health include:

  • Precontemplation – the patient is thinking about a behavior change, but not actively intending to make any changes.
  • Contemplation – the patient is considering a change within the next six months.
  • Planning or preparation – the patient is seriously considering a change within a month.
  • Action – the patient has made a change and it has lasted for six months.
  • Maintenance – long-term continued commitment, beyond six months.
  • Termination – ideal goal, no temptation to relapse (Edelman et al., 2014; Prochaska & DiClemente, 1984,

There are numerous barriers that can potentially affect a patient’s ability to learn. Such as language, culture, age, race, disability Transtheoretical model (TTM) Essay. The United States is ethnically and racially diverse. For many patients English is a second language (Whitney, 2021, must use creative skills to help their patients. Translators who are qualified to assist patients and families are available in most health care centers either by telephone or in person. Hospital patient care services may provide various materials such as communication tools or printable discharge instructions in other languages for patients with language barriers.

Grand Canyon University (Ed). (2018). Health promotion: Health & wellness across the continuum. Retrieved from


Sample essay 2 – Transtheoretical model (TTM) Essay

Health promotion according to the World health organization (WHO) is defined as the ability to allow individuals to take care of themselves (Ottawa,1986) Transtheoretical model (TTM) Essay. Health promotion should be included along the life spectrum, and it requires collaboration from family and healthcare team members. With increased life expectancy it is crucial to educate individuals on how to take care of themselves as they get older. Nurses are at the forefront of this essential responsibility, and it also blends with nurse advocacy for patients to make informed decisions about their health and care. The health promotion used to initiate behavioral changes is the transtheoretical model of nursing (TTM) which teaches health promotion prevention measures. This model helps the nurse identify patient readiness to adopt changes necessary to improve health Transtheoretical model (TTM) Essay.

The TTM model help nurse in teaching behavioral changes in that, it gives the nurse the opportunity to assess and determine the individuals who might be having some difficulties. Their motivation and readiness to change help the nurse plan specific care needs. Learning is individualized. the ability of the patient to learn must be innate. However, some patients may be willing to learn but there are certain barriers that prevent them from doing so such as language, culture, and beliefs. The nurse must assess learning needs before planning what to teach. The patient’s readiness to learn is a motivating factor to get engaged and participate. If the patient is ready to learn, the outcome of that learning will be effective and vice versa.

Transtheoretical model (TTM) Essay References

Beagley L. (2011). Educating patients: understanding barriers, learning styles, and teaching techniques. Journal of perianesthesia nursing : official journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses26(5), 331–337.

Kone, J., Bartels, I.-M., Valkenburg-van Roon, A. A., & Visscher, T. L. S. (2022). Parents’ perception of health promotion: What do parents think of a healthy lifestyle in parenting and the impact of the school environment? A qualitative research in the Netherlands. Journal of Pediatric Nursing62, e148–e155. Transtheoretical model (TTM) Essay

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