Posted: October 9th, 2017

The patient displays slow and deep (Kussmaul breathing)

Carl, an elementary student, was rushed to the hospital due to vomiting and a decreased level of consciousness.

The patient displays slow and deep (Kussmaul breathing), and he is lethargic and irritable in response to stimulation.

He appears to be dehydrated—his eyes are sunken and mucous membranes are dry—and he has a two week history of polydipsia, polyuria, and weight loss.

Measurement of arterial blood gas shows pH 7.0, PaO2 90 mm Hg, PaCO2 23 mm Hg, and HCO3 12 mmol/L; other results are Na+ 126 mmol/L, K+ 5 mmol/L, and Cl- 95 mmol/L. What is your assessment?

A. Respiratory Acidosis, Uncompensated
B. Respiratory Acidosis, Partially Compensated
C. Metabolic Alkalosis, Uncompensated

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