Posted: January 7th, 2023
Pharmacotherapy for Gastrointestinal and Hepatobiliary Disorders Sample Essay
Pharmacotherapy for acute gastroenteritis
Due to the presenting symptoms of nausea vomiting and diarrhea, the patient may be suffering from acute gastroenteritis. Acute gastroenteritis is an intestinal inflammation commonly characterized by diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, fever and abdominal cramps. It is commonly caused by viruses or bacteria. More diagnostic procedures such as blood and stool tests are required to determine the definitive cause of the condition (U. Desselberger, 2003). Pharmacotherapy for Gastrointestinal and Hepatobiliary Disorders Sample Essay
Treatment of gastroenteritis is dependent on the cause. Risk factors of gastroenteritis include young children, elderly, and a weakened immune system. Based on the current medication taken by the patient, prednisolone, a corticosteroid is known of the effect of weakening the immune system which may in turn predispose the patient to other infections. Prednisolone may also have caused the presenting complaints since nausea, vomiting and diarrhea are its common side effects (Malangu, 2018) Pharmacotherapy for Gastrointestinal and Hepatobiliary Disorders Sample Essay.
The appropriate drug therapy includes continuation of Synthroid 100mcg once daily to counter the hypothyroidism effect of hepatitis C. Tapering off prednisolone is also recommended to help elevate the body immune system as well as discontinue the possible associated side effects. The current nifedipine dosage should be investigated according to the underlying condition that could have led to the initiation and continuation of its dosage. Promethazine 25mg every 4 to 6 hours as desired is recommended to manage the nausea and vomiting. Oral rehydration by the use of Oral Rehydrating Salt is recommended to prevent dehydration due to excessive water loss through diarrhea and vomiting. Probiotics Saccharomyces boulardii is recommended for management of the acute diarrhea (Kenneth L. Koch, 2016). Pharmacotherapy for Gastrointestinal and Hepatobiliary Disorders Sample Essay.
Kenneth L. Koch, W. L. (2016). Nausea and Vomiting: Diagnosis and Treatment. Springer.
Malangu, N. (2018). Pharmacokinetics and Adverse Effects of Drugs: Mechanisms and Risks Factors. BoD – Books on Demand.
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