Posted: January 26th, 2023
NURS 6501: Advanced Pathophysiology Final Exam Question 1
A patient reports small, vesicular lesions that last between 10 and 20 days. What treatment does the healthcare professional educate the patient about?
|Three injections of penicillin|
|One time dose of azithromycin|
|Test of cure|
A child has a disorder that resulted in the failure of bones to ossify, resulting in soft bones and skeletal deformity. What treatment plan does the healthcare professional discuss with the parents? NURS 6501: Advanced Pathophysiology Final Exam
|Extremely careful handling|
|Increasing vitamin D intake|
|Containment and motion therapy|
A patient reports frequent nightmares NURS 6501: Advanced Pathophysiology Final Exam. For which of these should the healthcare professional assess the patient?
|A recent major loss|
|Family history of nightmares|
|History of traumatic event|
|Poor nutrition and weight loss|
Which pain theory proposes that a balance of impulses conducted from the spinal cord to the higher centers in the central nervous system (CNS) modulates the transmission of pain?
|Gate control theory (GCT)|
A patient has pernicious anemia and asks the healthcare professional to explain the disease. Which statement by the professional is most accurate?
|The lack of certain foods in your diet|
|Your body cannot absorb vitamin B 12. NURS 6501: Advanced Pathophysiology Final Exam|
|You are not getting enough vitamin C.|
|Your bone marrow has stopped working.|
A patient has a spinal cord injury at C4. What should the healthcare professional assess as the priority in this patient?
A baby is born with a myelomeningocele and needs urgent surgery to repair the defect. The parents want to take the baby home instead. NURS 6501: Advanced Pathophysiology Final Exam What does the healthcare professional tell the parents about the purpose of this surgery?
|1cSurgery is much easier on a tiny infant than on a larger, older baby. 1d|
|1cIf your baby has surgery this young, he/she cannot feel pain. 1d|
|1cAdditional nervous system damage will occur the longer we wait. 1d|
|1cPrompt surgery is needed to prevent total paralysis later on. 1d|
A woman attempting to conceive tells the healthcare professional that she and her partner have intercourse when her basal body temperature (BBT) is around 37˚C (98˚F) without getting pregnant. What information does the professional give the woman?
|Maybe you need a fertility workup.|
|That’s a normal temperature, but during ovulation BBT decreases.|
|Temperature alone is not the most accurate way to predict ovulation.|
|BBT rises consistently above 37.8″1eC (100″1eF) with ovulation.|
Parents report their 3-week-old infant who eats well and has gained weight began to have projectile vomiting for no apparent reason NURS 6501: Advanced Pathophysiology Final Exam. What treatment option does the healthcare professional prepare to educate the parents on?
|A gastric feeding tube|
ORDER EXAM HERE
Monoamine neurotransmission is hypothesized to be _______________ during mania.
A patient has been diagnosed with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) and asks the healthcare professional to describe it. What description by the professional is most accurate?
|ALL is a progressive neoplasm defined by the presence of greater than 30% lymphoblasts in the bone marrow or blood.|
|In ALL, immature blasts cells replace normal myelocytic cells, megakaryocytes, and erythrocytes.|
|B cells fail to mature into plasma cells that synthesize immunoglobulins.|
|The translocation of genetic material from genes 9 and 22 create an abnormal, fused gene identified as BCR-ABL.|
John, 64, reports that he has a severe curvature of his penis which occurred all at once. He is involved in vigorous athletic activities 4-5 days per week and does not recall an injury during his activities, only that he awoke with a painful curved erection and shortened erection. The nurse practitioner knows that:
|Peyronie’s disease self-limiting and will go away on its own.|
|Peyronie’s disease is an inflammatory condition, resulting in noncompliant fibrous nodules in the tunica albuginea.|
|Peyronie’s disease only occurs as a result of microvascular trauma. All activities should be avoided for 4-6 weeks, to allow for healing.|
|Peyronie’s disease results from an abnormality in arterial inflow, resulting in venous leakage at the site of veno-occlusion.|
Which cells function to maintain bone matrix?
Skeletal muscles make up approximately _______ of one’s body weight
NURS 6501: Advanced Pathophysiology Final Exam Which of the following are positive clinical manifestations of schizophrenia?
|Social withdraw, blunted affect, and failure to respond to simple questions|
|Hallucinations, delusions, and incoherent speech|
|Hallucinations, blunted affect, and social withdraw|
|Delusions, hallucinations, and failure to respond to simple questions|
A patient has ankylosing spondylitis. Which description of this condition by the health care professional is most accurate?
|Chronic inflammatory disease with stiffening and fusion of the spine and sacroiliac joint|
|Chronic systemic inflammatory disease that affects many tissues and organs|
|State of abnormal and excessive bone resorption and formation|
|Wide-spread and deep chronic muscle pain, fatigue, and tender points|
NURS 6501: Advanced Pathophysiology Final Exam Question 93
What directly causes ovulation during the menstrual cycle?
|Gradual decrease in estrogen levels|
|Sudden increase of LH|
|Sharp rise in progesterone levels|
|Gradual increase in estrogen levels|
When are childhood cancers most often diagnosed?
|At peak times of physical growth|
|After diagnosis of a chronic illness|
|After an acute illness|
A woman who is positive for hepatitis B is in labor. What action by the healthcare professional is most appropriate?
|Draw blood for a drug screen.|
|Encourage the mother to bottle feed.|
|Immunize the newborn within 12 hours.|
|Discuss poor infant survival.|
The neurobiology of depression is believed to be related to the atrophy of neurons in the:
NURS 6501: Advanced Pathophysiology Final Exam Question 97
A pregnant woman is seen for the first time at 6 months’ gestation and has not taken prenatal vitamins. The healthcare professional educates the woman on the need for a blood test specifically to assess what substance?
A patient had a seizure that consisted of impaired consciousness and the appearance of a dreamlike state. How does the healthcare professional chart this episode?
|Complex focal seizure|
A healthcare professional is trying to lower a patient’s body temperature by convection. What action by the professional will accomplish this? NURS 6501: Advanced Pathophysiology Final Exam
|Lower the temperature in the patient’s room.|
|Place the patient in a cooling blanket.|
|Obtain a fan and set it to blow over the patient.|
|Place cold moist towels over the patient.|
A student is learning about pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). What information does the student clarify with a study partner as being correct?
|An episode of mild PID can decrease the possibility of a successful pregnancy by 80%.|
|Such an inflammation may result in permanent changes to the ciliated epithelium of the fallopian tubes.|
|PID has not been associated with an increased risk of an ectopic pregnancy.|
|Contracting this infection increases the risk of cervical cancer NURS 6501: Advanced Pathophysiology Final Exam.|
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