Posted: January 15th, 2023

NRS-429VN Topic 1 DQ 1 Health Belief Model Theory Essay

NRS-429VN Topic 1 DQ 1 Health Belief Model Theory Essay

Topic 1 DQ 2

Describe a health promotion model used to initiate behavioral changes. How does this model help in teaching behavioral changes? What are some of the barriers that affect a patient’s ability to learn? How does a patient’s readiness to learn, or readiness to change, affect learning outcomes?

According to Health promotion: Health & wellness across the continuum, the Health Belief Model an be used to predict or explain health behavior and predict readiness for change NRS-429VN Topic 1 DQ 1 Health Belief Model Theory Essay. This health promotion model digs further into the compliance of some individuals versus the noncompliance of others. The Health Belief Model was developed by a man names Godfrey Rosenstock. Rosenstock developed the Health Belief Model in attempts to fully understand the reasoning behind declining health in patients who had resources available to positively affect their health. “The five necessary components for individual change in health behavior modeled in Rosenstock’s model are the perceived:”


  • Susceptibility toward health threat,
  • Severity of health threat,
  • Benefits of action to reduce threat of illness,
  • Barriers to initiating preventative action, and
  • Ability to take preventative action or self-efficacy (Montanaro & Bryan, 2013).

We as nurses spend the most hands on time with our patients. Therefore, we are the ones who are able to detect what hinders our patients from health. Understanding their goals for health is an important start. The Health Belief Model helps identify what barriers there are in regards to a patients health. Barriers such as lack of education, lack of resources, lack of money or health benefits are all determining factors when attempting to identify barriers to a patients lack of healthcare. “The health-belief model offers an approach to understanding health-related behaviour. A clear understanding of the cause of behaviour is necessary in order to predict change. A clear understanding of cause is also necessary for determining methods to influence health behaviour.” Davidhizar R. (1983) NRS-429VN Topic 1 DQ 1 Health Belief Model Theory Essay. Understanding each and every individual patients learning styles are essential in their way of learning and ability to learn the information provided. By adapting to each of their learning styles, we are able to improve their health by teaching our patients in ways that will promote their health and provide them with the information they need in order to remain free of hospitalizations.

Grand Canyon University (Ed). (2018). Health promotion: Health & wellness across the continuum.Retrieved from

Davidhizar R. (1983). Critique of the health-belief model. Journal of advanced nursing8(6), 467–472. NRS-429VN Topic 1 DQ 1 Health Belief Model Theory Essay


NRS-429VN Topic 1 DQ 1 Health Belief Model Theory Essay sample 2

Health behavior models and theories can assist explain why people and groups act the way they do (Sulat et al., 2018). These models and ideas can help planners improve the efficacy of their program design, execution, and assessment. It is important to realize that different models may be acceptable in various situations (Sulat et al., 2018). There is no one- size-fits-all solution; each individual or group deserves programming that is tailored to their particular requirements (Sulat et al., 2018).

The Trans theoretical model outlines the process of behavior change and takes into consideration an individual's willingness to create and maintain behavioral changes (Prochaska, 2020). This concept is beneficial because it assists planners in developing programs that are tailored to an individual's preparedness, motivation, and ability. According

to the Trans theoretical paradigm, health behavior change comprises six phases of change: pre contemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, maintenance, and termination (Prochaska, 2020).

i. Pre contemplation is the stage in which people do not intend to act in the near future, which is commonly characterized as the next six months. People may be at this stage because they are unaware of or are under informed about the repercussions of their actions. Alternatively, they may have attempted to change several times and gotten discouraged about their ability to change.

ii. Contemplation is the stage at which individuals aim to make a change during the following six months. They are more conscious of the benefits of change, but they are also more aware of the drawbacks.

iii. Preparation is the stage at which individuals anticipate to act in the near

future, generally within the next month.

iv. Action; People have reached the stage of action when they have made

particular overt changes in their lifestyles during the last six months. Because

activity can be seen, behavior modification is frequently associated with


v. Maintenance; Individuals in maintenance try to prevent relapse, but they do

not use change procedures as regularly as people in action. They are less likely

to relapse and are growing more confidence in their ability to maintain their

progress NRS-429VN Topic 1 DQ 1 Health Belief Model Theory Essay.

vi. Termination; the final stage is to ensure that the person will not desire to

return to the previous behavior. People are sure they will not relapse. This

stage is tough to achieve since trigger exposure typically persists.

To go through these levels, a person might engage in a variety of cognitive and emotional

activities. NRS-429VN Topic 1 DQ 1 Health Belief Model Theory Essay These include self- and environmental revaluation when a person considers the

harm that certain habits might cause to themselves and their families (Prochaska, 2020).

People may employ stimulus control to recognize and restrict their exposure to elements that

encourage relapse, as well as reinforcement management to reward themselves for making

changes (Prochaska, 2020). They can also form beneficial relationships and use counter-

conditioning as a support network to reduce the chance of regressing.


Prochaska, J. O. (2020). Transtheoretical model of behavior change. Encyclopedia of

behavioral medicine, 2266-2270.

Sulat, J. S., Prabandari, Y. S., Sanusi, R., Hapsari, E. D., & Santoso, B. (2018). The validity

of health belief model variables in predicting behavioral change: A scoping

review. Health Education. NRS-429VN Topic 1 DQ 1 Health Belief Model Theory Essay

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