Posted: January 8th, 2023

Ken Fowler iHuman Soap Note

Ken Fowler ihuman soap note

Patient Information

Name: Ken Fowler

Age: 70 years

Sex: Male


CC (chief complaint): Nausea and vomiting

HPI: Ken Fowler is a 70-year-old male who presents at the ED for evaluation of elevated creatinine having being referred by his PCP (Primary Care Provider) Ken Fowler ihuman soap note.  Prior before his visit to the PCP, Fowler experienced nausea and vomiting lasting 24 hours, which begun after taking  a painkiller (naproxen) for lower back pain he experienced after hurting his  back while carrying a load. The vomitus was clear with only residual food properties; it aggravated with meals and was relieved with decreased oral intake. As a result, for the past three days, he has not taken anything orally. The nausea and vomiting are associated extreme fatigue, decreased urinary output, and decreased oral intake.

Current medications: HCTZ, lisinopril, and metroprolol

Allergies: None


Vaccinations: Up to date

Pertinent PMHx: He is a hypertensive on HCTZ, lisinopril, and metroprolol. H is also on follow-up, he has a history of mild chronic renal disease creatinine 1.1 and microalbuminuria (400mg) Ken Fowler ihuman soap note

Social hx: He consumes a glass of wine with dinner either once or twice every week.


  • What is your name?
  • Where are you?
  • What time is it?
  • What happened?
  • How can I help you today?
  • Have you had nausea and vomiting like this before?
  • What does your vomit look like?
  • Has there been any change in your nausea and/or vomiting over time?
  • Have you been vomiting anything that looks like blood or coffee grounds?
  • Do you have any pain or other symptoms associated with your nausea and/or vomiting?
  • Does anything make your nausea and/or vomiting better or worse?
  • How severe is your nausea and/or vomiting?
  • Have you lost weight?
  • Do you have any pain in your abdomen?
  • Do you have frothy urine?
  • Do you have any other symptoms or concerns we should discuss?
  • Can you tell me about any current or past medical problems you have had?
  • Are you taking any over-the-counter herbal medications?
  • Do you have any allergies?
  • Are you taking any prescription medications?
  • Do you drink alcohol? If so, what do you drink and how many drinks per day?


General: Ken fowler presents for evaluation independently. He reports nausea and vomiting but denies chills, fevers, night sweats, or sore throats.

Cardiovascular/Peripheral Vascular: the patient denies palpitations, lower limb/upper limb edema, facial edema, chest pains/pressure, SOB, cold/blue fingers

Respiratory: the patient denies cough, wheezing, SOB, DIB

Gastrointestinal: patient acknowledges nausea, vomiting, and decreased appetite. He however denies constipation, diarrhea, or change in stool color.

Genitourinary: patient denies any pain, burning, dribbling, difficulty starting or stopping, urgency, frequency, or incontinence with urination. He reports decreased urine output

Musculoskeletal: the patient denies back pain, muscle and joint pain/swelling, and joint stiffness

Psychiatric: the patient denies feeling sad, depressed, mood changes, lack of interest, and nervousness.

Neurologic: the patient denies tremors, numbness, tingling, weakness, fainting, or dizziness. Ken Fowler ihuman soap note

Endocrine: the patient denies increased sweating, increased thirst, he reports decreased appetite, but denies cold/heat intolerance.

Hematologic/lymphatic: the patient denies easy bleeding or bruising, bleeding from gums or nosebleeds.

Allergic/immunologic: the patient denies environmental, food, or drug allergies.

Physical Exam

General:  Patient is A&O x4, in no acute pain or respiratory distress

VS: BP- 108/62 HR-98 (apical), RR-17, O2 sat-99% LA

HEENT: Eyes: PERRLA, there is no conjunctival pallor. Ear: no discharge, sharp optic disks, bilateral red reflex, Nose/Mouth/Throat: mucous membranes are dry

Cardiovascular/Peripheral Vascular: normal S1, S2 heard, no gallops, rubs, or murmurs.  PMI slightly displaced downwards and laterally

Respiratory: the chest moves symmetrically, bilaterally clear lungs, and bronchial breath sounds auscultated no crackles, wheezes, or rhonchi.

Gastrointestinal: soft and non-distended, bowel sounds present in all four abdominal quadrants no palpated masses or lumps, there is mild periumbilical tenderness Musculoskeletal/Peripheral Vascular: no lower or upper extremity edema, 5/5 muscle strength across all groups.

Neurologic:  A&O x4 to person, place, time, and situation, MMSE 30/30, deep tendon reflexes

Integumentary/Skin:  dry and warm skin, no pallor, jaundice, ulceration, or scaling, 3-4 seconds blanching time

Genitourinary: normal external genitalia, no urethral discharge, no tenderness, or masses

Test Ordered and Diagnostic Results

  • Renal Ultrasound
  • Ken Fowler ihuman soap note
  • Complete Blood Count
  • Eosinophils urine
  • Sodium (Na+), urine
  • Basic Metabolic Panel
  • Urinalysis
  • Pelvic Ultrasound

List the Differential Diagnosis You Identified In Ihuman

  1. Medication-Related (Side Effect)
  2. Uremia (intrarenal azotemia)
  3. Uremia (prerenal azotemia)
  4. Urinary Obstruction

List your primary dx with ICD code. Briefly explain/ discuss your primary dx and the rational

  • Acute Kidney Failure, Unspecified (N17.9) (Uremia-prerenal azotemia) – Ken Fowler presented with complaints of elevated creatinine, nausea, and vomiting following an intake of naproxen, an NSAID. The nausea and vomiting were associated with fatigue, reduced oral intake, and decreased appetite. The sequence of occurrence of these events indicates that the most likely diagnosis would primarily be acute kidney injury with the drug naproxen as the primary causative factor. Naproxen is highly nephrotoxic and is a pre-renal cause of kidney failure (Hoste et al., 2018). The physical exam findings of an elevated heart rate, dehydration, tenderness at the periumbilical region, and hypotension also support this diagnosis.

List the Differential Dx with ICD and A Brief Explanation the Rational

  1. Medication-Related Side Effect (ICD 10 995A) – Ken Fowler reports that prior to visiting his PCP, he experienced severe nausea, and vomiting that just preceded the intake of naproxen, an NSAID for Backpain. Naproxen acts by inhibiting COX enzymes to decrease prostaglandins synthesis, which can primarily result in renal ischemia, reduce glomeruli pressure, and increase the risk of acute kidney injury.
  2. Acute Nephritic Syndrome (ICD 10 N00.9) – Patients with ANS will demonstrate high levels of creatinine, oliguria, fatigue, vomiting, and nausea, pain at the periumbilical region, and anorexia (Bhalla et al., 2019). It however follows a recent systemic illness, which lacks in the case of Ken Fowler. On physical exam, the clinician is likely to find pedal and facial edema, and periorbital edema.
  3. Urinary Obstruction (ICD 10 9) – patients with urinary obstruction report symptoms such as; decreased urine output (oliguria), hesitancy, and abdominal pain. Ken Fowler ihuman soap note Its risk factors are: advanced age, a previous history of mild chronic renal disease, decreased urinary output, and underlying chronic diseases such as hypertension (Serlin, Heidelbaugh & Stoffel, 2018).


  • Admit to: med-surge
  • Allergy: None
  • Diet: low-sodium
  • Activity: mild physical activity such as walking
  • Consult/ specialty services and rational: consult with a renal specialist
  • Nursing Orders:
    • IV Rehydration therapy with NS (normal saline) till the return of intravascular volume (Moore, Hsu & Liu, 2018).
  • Medication/intervention: dose, route, time
    • Hold the patient’s HCTZ and lisinopril
    • Discontinue the patient’s NSAIDs
  • LABS: none
  • Ancillary orders: insert Foleys catheter to monitor input-output
  • Supportive services: consult with a dietician on appropriate dietary forms for a patient with hypertension and mild chronic renal disease.
  • Patient education:
    • Next time do not self-medicate. Since you are taking drugs for high blood pressure, it is important to understand that drugs interact with each other. If you have to take any OTC drug, prescription drug, or herbal medication, you must first inform and obtain the consent of your PCP (Moore, Hsu & Liu, 2018).
    • Maintain a DASH diet and adhere to your hypertensive drug regimen for adequate blood pressure control as  guided
  • Follow up or disposition:
    • return immediately when you experience similar symptoms or  new onset of symptoms
    • follow up in 2 weeks post-discharge for evaluation of progress Ken Fowler ihuman soap note
  • Health maintenance and Preventive health: advice on the need to maintain upto date immunizations



Bhalla, K., Gupta, A., Nanda, S., & Mehra, S. (2019). Epidemiology and clinical outcomes of acute glomerulonephritis in a teaching hospital in North India. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care8(3), 934.

Hoste, E. A., Kellum, J. A., Selby, N. M., Zarbock, A., Palevsky, P. M., Bagshaw, S. M., & Chawla, L. S. (2018). Global epidemiology and outcomes of acute kidney injury. Nature Reviews Nephrology14(10), 607-625.

Moore, P. K., Hsu, R. K., & Liu, K. D. (2018). Management of acute kidney injury: core curriculum 2018. American Journal of Kidney Diseases72(1), 136-148.

Serlin, D. C., Heidelbaugh, J. J., & Stoffel, J. T. (2018). Urinary retention in adults: evaluation and initial management. American family physician98(8), 496-503 Ken Fowler ihuman soap note.

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