Question 12 A 4-month-old female develops white spots and shallow ulcers in her mouth. Her pediatrician diagnoses her with thrush. This condition is caused by: Question 13 The nurse would correctly identify the medical term for ringworm as: Question 14 A 2-month-old female develops diaper dermatitis. A nurse will monitor this patient for which secondary infection that frequently accompanies diaper dermatitis? Question 15 A 5-year-old female develops chickenpox after exposure at her day care center. This disease is caused by: Question 16 When a patient asks the nurse what hypersensitivity is, how should the nurse respond? Hypersensitivity is best defined as: Question 17 A 45-year-old male presents with persistent, severe stomach pain. Testing reveals a peptic ulcer. Further laboratory tests reveal the presence of Helicobacter pylori. Which of the following is of concern for this patient? Question 18 A 20-year-old male shoots his hand with a nail gun while replacing roofing shingles. Which of the following cell types would be the first to aid in killing bacteria to prevent infection in his hand? Question 19 Stress induces sympathetic stimulation of the adrenal medulla. This causes the secretion of catecholamines, which include: Question 20 An infant develops a fever secondary to a bacterial infection. Which of the following most likely triggered the fever? Question 21 Which patient will develop active immunity? A patient who: Question 22 A 3-year-old is making play cakes in a sandbox and is eating the play cakes. The sand was also being used by cats as a litter box and was contaminated with toxoplasmosis. Which of the following would most likely also be present? Question 23 A 5-month-old child is admitted to the hospital with recurring respiratory infections. A possible cause of this condition is: Question 24 A 65-year-old female is diagnosed with metastatic breast cancer. She has developed muscle wasting. Which of the following substances would be produced in large quantities to eliminate the tumor cells and cause muscle wasting? Question 25 A 35-year-old male is diagnosed with lobar pneumonia (lung infection). Which of the following exudates would be present in highest concentration at the site of this advanced inflammatory response? Question 26 Which of the following hormones activates adrenergic receptors? Question 27 Which of the following individuals would be at greatest risk for an opportunistic infection? Question 28 A nurse recalls an example of an immune-complex-mediated disease is: Question 29 A 30-year-old male is having difficulty breathing and has been spitting blood. He reports that he began experiencing this reaction after cleaning his pigeons’ cages. Testing reveals he is suffering from allergic alveolitis. Which of the following is he experiencing? Question 30 An 8-year-old female presents with edema of the cutaneous and mucosal tissue layers. Her mother reports that the condition is recurrent and seems to occur more often during stressful situations. The child is diagnosed with hereditary angioedema. Which of the following is deficient in this child? Question 31 A 30-year-old female presents to her primary care provider reporting fatigue, excessive sweating, and increased appetite. Physical examination reveals protruding eyes, and laboratory testing reveals hyperthyroidism secondary to autoantibody production. This disorder falls into the category of type _____ hypersensitivity. Question 32 When a patient presents at the emergency department for an allergic reaction, the nurse recognizes the most severe consequence of a type I hypersensitivity reaction is: Question 33 Exhaustion occurs if stress continues and _____ is not successful. Question 34 A 50-year-old female experiences decreased blood pressure, decreased oxygen delivery, cardiovascular shock, and subsequent death. A complication of endotoxic shock is suspected. Which of the following is the most likely cause? Question 35 A 10-year-old male is stung by a bee while playing in the yard. He begins itching and develops pain, swelling, redness, and respiratory difficulties. He is suffering from: Question 36 While planning care for children with cancer, which information should the nurse remember? Most childhood cancers originate from the: Question 37 A 30-year-old female is diagnosed with cancer. Testing reveals that the cancer cells have spread to local lymph nodes. A nurse realizes this cancer would be documented as stage: Question 38 When histamine is released in the body, which of the following responses would the nurse expect? Question 39 After teaching about stress, which information indicates a correct understanding of stress? Question 40 During inflammation, the liver is stimulated to release plasma proteins, collectively known as:
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