Posted: September 7th, 2017
A 6-month-old male infant is brought to the ER after the sudden development of abdominal pain, irritability, and vomiting followed by passing of “currant jelly” stool. Ultrasound reveals intestinal obstruction in which the ileum collapsed through the ileocecal valve and invaginated into the large intestine. This type of obstruction is referred to as: Cholecystitis is inflammation of the gallbladder wall usually caused by: Outbreaks of hepatitis _____ often occur in young children attending day care centers and can be attributed to poor hand washing. A 3-month-old female presents with intention tremors, dystonia, greenish-yellow rings in the cornea, and hepatomegaly. Tests reveal a defect on chromosome 13. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis? A 55-year-old female has general symptoms of gallstones but is also jaundiced. IV cholangiography would most likely reveal that the gallstones are obstructing the: A 60-year-old male is diagnosed with cancer of the esophagus. Which of the following factors most likely contributed to his disease? A 3-month-old female develops colicky pain, abdominal distention, and diarrhea after drinking cow’s milk. The best explanation for her symptoms is: The cardinal signs of small bowel obstruction are: A 50-year-old male is experiencing reflux of chyme from the stomach. He is diagnosed with gastroesophageal reflux. This condition is caused by: An 8-week-old female is diagnosed with a congenital heart disease and Down syndrome. Her parents report that she has difficulty defecating. X-ray reveals anorectal malformation that causes complete obstruction often referred to as: Prolonged diarrhea is more serious in children than adults because: Kwashiorkor is a severe dietary deficiency of: The cardinal sign of pyloric stenosis caused by ulceration or tumors is: A 20-year-old male was recently diagnosed with lactose intolerance. He eats an ice cream cone and develops diarrhea. His diarrhea can be classified as _____ diarrhea. An 8-week-old male was recently diagnosed with cystic fibrosis. Which of the following digestive alterations would be expected? The exocrine portion of the pancreas contains: Which of the following characteristics is associated with an acute occlusion of mesenteric blood flow to the small intestine? A 60-year-old male presents with GI bleeding and abdominal pain. He reports that he takes NSAIDs daily to prevent heart attack. Tests reveal that he has a peptic ulcer. The most likely cause of this disease is: Where does the nurse expect the obstruction to be in a patient with extrahepatic portal hypertension? Marasmus is most common in children of which age group?
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