Posted: January 21st, 2023
Environmental Factors and Health Promotion Presentation: Accident Prevention and Safety Promotion for Parents and Caregivers of Infants
It is estimated that 160 million children struggles with chronic malnutrition and stunted growth due to water pollution issues. In addition, water.org (2019) states that every 90 seconds a child dies from water related illness across the world. Water contamination occurs due to uncontrolled pollution. Environmental Factors and Health Promotion Presentation: Accident Prevention and Safety Promotion for Parents and Caregivers of Infants
Water contamination is caused by domestic waste disposal to the surface water. These practices together with other human activities affects the quality of domestic water
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Effects of Water Contamination on infants
Children are fond of interacting with environment in a different manner compared to adults. Also children take more water due to their body weights and needs and this exposes them to water related issues. Critical effects top infants face due to exposes to contaminated water includes crumps, diarrhea, vomiting, headaches, and nausea. Health issues related to exposures to contaminated water may range from mild effects to severe ill health and in some cause death (Mannava, 2019) Environmental Factors and Health Promotion Presentation: Accident Prevention and Safety Promotion for Parents and Caregivers of Infants.
Three important water contaminants
Hydration is a sure way that helps infants to remain healthy and to acquire essential minerals. Quality of water is important and helps in keeping infants healthy. However, the increasing issues facing environment including rusted pipes, groundwater pollution, and indiscriminate dumping of waters causes extreme domestic water contamination (Evans, 2020).
Lead toxicity in water is a harmful substance to infants’ health. The effects depends on the degree of concentration and exposure duration. Waterborne routes contributes to over 20% of infants’ exposure which is achieved through consuming contaminated water (Mannava, 2019). Infants and children are vulnerable to lead which in high levels causes convulsions, organ failure, coma, major neurological damage and death. In low concentrations the exposure results into learning disabilities, stunted growth and hearing loss. (Palo, 2021). Environmental Factors and Health Promotion Presentation: Accident Prevention and Safety Promotion for Parents and Caregivers of Infants
Effects of Nitrate on Infants
Water contaminated with nitrates poses adverse effects to infants. For instance, the exposures causes methemoglobinemia which causes infants to develop blue skin color commonly known as ‘blue babies’. This mostly occurs to infants being fed using infant formula that has to be mixed with water (Palo, 2021). In addition, infants with downs syndrome may develop heart defects due to exposure to nitrates.
Effects of Manganese on Infants
Manganese is a vital metal in water and food pollution. The metal gets into drinking water from soil and rocks. It poses major issues to infants when in high levels including affecting their levels of IQ, behavioral performance and also their verbal abilities (Evans, 2020).
Ways of Ensuring Safe Domestic Drinking Water
Water is a major source of illnesses for children. For better care parents and caregivers should be ensure water given to infants or used in cleaning their utensils and equipment’s is clean. This can be enhanced through boiling of drinking water, chlorination, using filters, and also testing children for any water related illnesses (Jacob, 2021).
Evidence-Based Research on Safe Water to make Infant Formula
Boiling water is the safest way of removing contaminants. Boiling the water eliminates all germs such as viruses and bacteria that may be present in tap water from leaking or old pipes (Jacob, 2021). Before making baby formula ensure the water cools to body temperature.
Water contamination at home can be prevented through ensuring debris and waster are well disposed. In addition, domestic septic should be checked annually for its effectiveness. Also, home gardens should be free from excessive use of fertilizers, pesticides or chemicals that may get their way to drinking water (Evans, 2020).
Evans S, Zajac L. (2020). We can and we must do better to protect children from drinking water contaminants. Pediatr Res. 2020 Oct;88(4):529-532. doi: 10.1038/s41390-020-1062-8. Epub 2020 Jul 15. PMID: 32668440; PMCID: PMC7529971.
Jacob B, Kazaura M. (2021). Access to Safe Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene: A Cross-Sectional Study among the Maasai in Tanzania. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2021 Mar 1;104(4):1535-1539. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.20-0134. PMID: 33646976; PMCID: PMC8045632.
Palo SK, Kanungo S, Samal M, Priyadarshini S, Sahoo D, Pati S. (2021). Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WaSH) practices and morbidity status in a rural community: findings from a cross-sectional study in Odisha, India. J Prev Med Hyg. 2021 Jul 30;62(2):E392-E398. doi: 10.15167/2421-4248/jpmh2021.62.2.1503. PMID: 34604579; PMCID: PMC8451357.
Mannava P, Murray JC, Kim R, Sobel HL. (2019). Status of water, sanitation and hygiene services for childbirth and newborn care in eight countries in East Asia and the Pacific. J Glob Health. 9(2):020430. doi: 10.7189/jogh.09.020430. PMID: 31893033; PMCID: PMC6925970.
Water.org. (2019). Water Crises. https://water.org/our-impact/water-crisis/
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