Posted: January 22nd, 2023
If you are in college or university, you will have to write a research paper at one point. There are different types of research papers, and the one you will be assigned will depend on your level of education and the degree you are pursuing.
To perform well in writing research papers, you need to conduct thorough research on various scientific, social components, and technical aspects of phenomena and compose the results. It is essential to know the research paper definition before looking at different research paper types you may be assigned in school.
What are research papers?
A research paper is an extended essay or a type of academic writing that showcases your independent and original investigation of the assigned or chosen topic and the interpretation and analysis of the results. Your research project should be brief, focused, well structured, and evidence-based.
Because its objective is to enhance the reader’s understanding, it has a professional style and tone. However, it is not difficult and does not need the use of complex phrases or extensive language.
Different types of research papers
There are two main types of research papers. Many people ask. What are the two main types of research papers? It is an analytical research paper and an argumentative/persuasive research paper.
There are different types of research papers, and deciding which one to utilize can be a difficult task. The most appropriate research paper kind is always picked with your research paper subjects, research procedures, and data analysis methods in mind.
Analytical research paper
These research papers analyze events, ideas, issues, and facts. As the researcher, describe the different viewpoints concerning the research problem. Analyze all the points stated by gathering relevant information researched before and conclude at the end.
When conducting analytical research, you must remain unbiased. Your research should not favor one party more than the other. You are likely to face challenges while describing different viewpoints and analyzing them.
The need of analytical research
Analytical papers have two aims: for the readers and another one for the writer. Professors and instructors offer analytical writings to students to assist them advance as great thinkers and writers.
Readers benefit from analytical research papers as well. These research papers are often published in magazines and newspapers to support the readers in making logical sense of the day`s events. Analytical research allow writers, who could be professionals in their areas of specialization, to enlighten their fellow people on vital topics such as culture, economics, architecture, art, and politics.
Steps in writing an analytical research paper
Choose your point of opinion
Get ready to write your entire research paper around your thesis statement despite what you select as your main point of opinion. That is a single statement that describes all that your research is about.
End your introductory part with a thesis statement
Take care with your introductory paragraph as it can grab your reader’s curiosity. The best openers commence with a hook sentence, such as a hypothetical question or a solid statement, and then offer global setting, resting out the issues that the research will address. An excellent introductory paragraph ends with a thesis statement that performs as a scope for the rest of the paper.
Establish the body section of your paper
After writing your introduction, begin writing your body paragraphs to get to the main ideas and points. All the sections should get back to your thesis statement. This should happen either by providing background knowledge, contradicting facts, or getting deep into details.
The number of paragraphs in your body section depends on the depth of your research topic. Take enough time to plan for every body paragraph as the structure is as essential as the topic of your research paper.
Develop the topic sentences
Every paragraph in the body section should start with a topic sentence. This should introduce a new idea that the other sentences in the paragraph should back up. All these should tie back to the thesis statement.
Research papers evidence
The research paper’s main body should contain a combination of analysis and substance. Making comments without supporting evidence will not persuade your audience. As a result, you will need to back up your critical ideas with textual proof from your secondary and primary sources of information. Use endnotes and footnotes as needed.
Space any contrasting ideas
By recognizing another viewpoint, you can reinforce your argument. Even though you might disagree with a perilous perspective, a body paragraph can be used to express the idea. Next, you can improve your thesis by countering that point with further reasoning and data.
Put your analysis in a summary paragraph
Conclude your analytical research paper with an ending paragraph that reviews your argument, despite if you are aiming for a decent grade or trying to deliver your audience with a enjoyable experience while reading. You should not present new information or ideas in the closing paragraph. Instead, it’s the concluding bit to your whole paper, reminding your readers of the essential ideas and offering them some parting words to consider.
Argumentative research paper
As the name implies, an argumentative research paper comprises two opposing opinions on a particular research topic. In this form of research, the investigator must define the issue from two opposing perspectives, examine them for merits and negatives, and then endorse one of them. This research project is mainly concerned with persuading readers to support your viewpoint.
Writing an excellent argumentative research paper
Learn the basics
There are several key features that you must incorporate in an argumentative essay. Generally, argumentative essays demand you to use reasoning and evidence from your investigation to back up your claims. You must also include the following in your argumentative research papers:
A thesis statement that expresses a distinct point of view (should be included in the introductory paragraph)
Include assertions that support your main point of view
Transitions between sentences and paragraphs that are logical
Your sources provide evidence to back up your assertions
A conclusion which takes into account all of the information you’ve presented
All through your paper, employ in-text citations to show which you have used sources. (Confirm from your instructor or professor the citation style you should use)
A page of works referenced with a separate section for each one of your references
Ask questions where stuck
Whereas most argumentative research papers have these characteristics in common, your task may have some unique needs or guidelines. As a result, it’s critical to double-check that you comprehend your homework before beginning. Read the directions attentively as immediately as your instructor assigns the paper and underline anything you don’t understand. If something is unclear or you don’t understand the task, ask your instructor to elucidate the directions.
Make sure you learn how to best reference your sources in your essay and understand how to use the citation style your instructor prefers. Just inquire if you’re unsure. If you still have any queries, don’t be embarrassed to ask them. It is preferable to ask questions and double-check your understanding than to complete the work incorrectly and receive a poor grade.
It is critical to explore your thoughts before deciding on a topic and beginning your article. Using an inventive exercise, take some time to investigate your thoughts and jot some thoughts down on paper. Lists, freewriting, batching, and questioning are all invention exercises that might help you develop some ideas for your argumentative essay.
Make a note of all of your thoughts on your research (great and poor). Afterward, go over the list and cluster related ideas collectively. Add extra ideas to those categories or use a different creative writing activity.
For around 10 minutes, scribble nonstop. Start writing whatever comes to mind without editing it. Go over what you’ve composed and underline or circle the most important points when you’re finished. Use the paragraphs you highlighted as a preliminary step for the freewriting assignment. You can repeatedly go over this practice to keep refining and developing your thoughts.
Write a short description (or a light paragraph) of the topic of your argumentative paper in the center and underline it. Then, extending from the center, create three or more lines. At the end of all of these lines, write a matching notion. Continue to make your group until you have investigated all possible ties.
Questioning lists everything you want to do on a scrap of paper “Who is it, exactly? What? Who, why, when, and how did it happen?” On the form, space the queries 2 or 3 lines away so you can put your replies on these lines. Answer each question as completely as possible.
Develop an outline
Before you start writing your argumentative research paper, outline it to assist you in managing your thoughts more efficiently. Your outline can be as extensive or as brief as you choose. Remember that the more information you use within your research paper template, the more content you’ll have available to use in your paper.
Break down your outline into subcategories and arrange it by essay part. Part 1 may, for instance, be your opening, which could be divided into three sub-parts:
a) Thesis statement,
b) context/background material, and
c) opening phrase
Cause and effect research papers
This research paper describes a problem, explains the causes and effects of the issue, and finally derives a conclusion. Cause and effect research papers answer the following questions:
Why did something happen? Causes of occurrence A
What happened as a result of that thing? The effects of occurrence A
What is likely to occur as a result of the consequences? Predicting the further impact of the consequences
Purpose and focus of cause-and-effect research papers
When writing a research paper about cause-and-effect, ensure you include a clear, insightful, and arguable assertion.
Maintain the logical changes from one paragraph to another, i.e., the logical phrase flow; organization planning emphasizes criteria, features, parts, or time to help explain the focus. The verb tense is kept unless adjustments are necessary.
Include concrete and specific details in your research paper. Ensure you show the focus of your points to the readers. Appeals should be insightful, appropriate, and adequate and lead to a conclusion.
Ensure you use varied length and pattern sentences. Make good use of vocabulary and phrases. Do not use too much jargon so that the reader does not float while reading your research paper.
Experimental research papers
What is the definition of an experimental research paper? “Experimental Research” is based on empirical and measured occurrences rather than theoretical concepts or beliefs and generates real-life experience information. Qualitative research, quantitative research, and empirical research are used to describe this type of study. This research is among the different types of scientific research papers.
Examples of experimental research include blood tests in the laboratory to check the patient’s causes of sicknesses. In these kinds of tests, results from the samples of the patient’s blood are compared to variables that show what typical values should look like.
Typical experimental research papers should have the following sections. Title page, abstract section, introduction, materials, methods, discussion, conclusions, results, acknowledgments, references, and appendices.
Characteristics of experimental research papers
Dependent and independent variables
These research papers begin with fixed or dependent variables serving as control groups. They have to be compared with the independent variables that the investigator manipulated to obtain the expected results.
Experiments conducted in this research are under controlled situations to identify the factors that influence the character of the study subject.
The researcher provokes the experiment. This manipulates the independent aspects to produce specific results. It always happens under controlled conditions.
Observing the study’s object
In each scenario, the researcher should observe the behavior of the study object. From this, they can obtain less or more conclusive data.
Steps for writing experimental research
Set your objectives
Select the variables of the process
Choose an experimental design
Execute the chosen design
Ensure that the data and the experimental
Interpret and analyze the outcome
Present the outcomes/results
Types of experimental research
Problem solution research papers
Problem solution research focuses on a specific issue or set of challenges. As the research paper writer, you will need to find a solution or numerous answers to the problem mentioned. Problem-solving papers are prevalent in tests, as they permit you to study a topic and utilize analytical reasoning to react with a solution.
To write a problem solution research paper, start by summarizing the article. Then, follow the framework of a problem solution essay and polish the work to be at its finest when you send it for marking.
The problem-solving process
Identify the issue
Define the main problem
Examine different available options
Look for an action plan
Consider the consequences
Report research paper
Researchers or statisticians write research reports after assessing information acquired through planned study, which usually takes the form of polls or qualitative approaches. These are known as research reports. Most types of nursing research papers fall under this category.
Reports cover a wide range of topics, although they are typically committed to delivering information about a specific issue and a specific target audience.
The main goal of research report papers is to deliver essential data about research to advertisers so they can use them to develop new tactics. Certain occurrences, facts, and other data based on incidents must be transmitted to those in control, and the most efficient communication instrument is research reports.
The best research reports are exceptionally accurate in their provided material and have a clear goal and end. For such statements to help pass on information, they should have a clear and ordered format.
A scientific report is a credible source for recounting a study’s information. It is frequently regarded as a true testament to all the effort to gather research specifics.
Research Report Components
Research is critical when releasing a new product, feature, or service. Due to new competitors each day that may or may not supply practical items, today’s marketplaces are tremendously unpredictable and competitive. To maintain a good position in such a sector with upgraded products that meet client requests, a firm must make the correct decisions at the appropriate time.
The specifics of a research report may alter depending on the study goal, but the study’s fundamental parts will not. The market researcher’s approach influences the style of drafting reports. If you do not know how to start writing a research paper of such kind, worry not. The following are the seven primary parts of a successful research report:
Summary of Research Report
Under the report summary, all the research’s many parts are briefly discussed. It should be engaging enough to convey all of the study’s essential points.
Introduction to the Research
Every report has a primary objective that the investigator is attempting to achieve. They can address replies relating to this objective in the introductory section and develop a thesis that will often be used to strive for and address it in detail.
This part should address a critical question: “How is the goal’s current situation?” Do you know if the organization completed the goal successfully or if it is still a work-in-progress just after research is done? Include this information in the introduction section of the research report.
This is the essential part of the study because it contains all of the crucial data. Readers can obtain information about the topic while also evaluating the high-quality of the content presented, and several other market analysts can verify the study.
As a result, this section must be highly informative, with every research component thoroughly explained. Information should be presented in a chronological sequence based on priority and significance. Researchers should give references if they use existing ways to gather information.
This part of the findings will include a brief overview of the results and the calculations used to reach the aim. The explanation of market research is usually done in the study’s discussion part.
In this section, all findings are examined in great length, and a comparison of publications that are likely to exist in just the same domain. Any anomaly discovered during the research will be explained in the discussion area. When producing research reports, you must make the connection to show how the findings might be applied in the actual world.
Conclusion and Research References:
Summarize all of the research findings while identifying every author, article, or other pieces of content from which references were gathered.
Survey research papers
Survey research includes gathering a group of people and collecting information as you analyze and try to interpret the results. Survey research papers are flexible and can be used in different areas. To compose effective survey research, follow these steps:
Determine the participants of the survey
Make a decision on the type of survey to conduct
Design the survey question and layout
Distribute your survey
Analyze all the responses
Jot down the results
Uses of surveys research papers
Surveys are used to collect information in a variety of disciplines. They’re a good choice whenever you want to learn about a team of people’s characteristics, desires, viewpoints, or opinions. Survey research is commonly used for the following purposes:
Social research is all about investigating various social groups’ life experiences and properties
Customers’ opinions on products, facilities and companies are gathered through market research
Health research entails gathering health data about their diagnosis and treatment.
Politics: gauging public sentiment toward political parties and regulations
Personal characteristics, desires, and behaviors are studied in psychology
Surveys could be applied in cross-sectional research, where data is collected just once, and observational research, where a particular sample is surveyed numerous times
What is not a research paper
Many students confuse different writings with research papers. Here are reports that are commonly mistaken with research papers.
A research paper is not a collection of quotes, and this can be present in different types of writings
A research paper is not rewriting ideas and thoughts of other people, the internet, or library books
A research paper is not your opinion about various subjects
A research paper is not an opinion defense; the aim is to reveal the facts but not to fight the ideas about a subject
A research paper is not an emotional persuasion; you should use free emotional and neutral language in writing research papers
The format of research papers in general
Now that you have learned different types of research, it is important to learn the general format of research papers. The format is the number one way of learning how to write a research paper. This includes:
Cover page/title page
This is one of the essential parts of a research paper. The page should include
Date of submission
An abstract provides a comprehensive summary of your research. It should provide a comprehensive overview of the research work, your research topic, the importance of your study, the methodology of the study, and the results. don’t provide a list of cited works in this section
The reader will learn what challenges your research seeks to answer in the opening part. You can also discuss the original study’s relevance and novelty here. In the format of a thesis statement, precisely define the research question.
What motivated you to do this research? What has prior research on this topic said or disclosed? The background study section is where you might include historical information or define earlier hypotheses that help put your research into context. It’s also an excellent time to think about your readers and what facts they’ll need to follow along with the remaining of your work.
Method of study
Understanding if you utilized quantitative or quantitative methodologies is crucial to comprehending your research. You can include surveys, tests, and fieldwork research in your list of data collection methods. In scientific investigations, this section is referred to as “Methods and Materials.”
What conclusions do you get from your research? In this area, you should state your observations and provide the data. Keep an objective viewpoint here and save the assessment until the end.
In the conclusion part, describe why your results are significant. This section allows you to assess your outcomes and reflect on your approach. Is there any further research that needs to be done for this study?
Include any extra dense information for the main body of the document in this section. Appendices are helpful when you need to offer additional information that is pertinent but not essential to the document.
This includes citing all the works cited directly from other authors. It would help if you understood what types of research papers are typically written in APA style.
To sum up
There are different types of research papers. Your professor can assign you any type depending on your field of study and level of education. To be on the safer side, ensure you understand each type and its basics.
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