Posted: January 27th, 2023

Cognitive-Behavioral and Client-Centered therapies Essay

Cognitive-Behavioral and Client-Centered therapies Essay

Comparison, Contrast, and Critiques of Cognitive-Behavioral and Client-Centered therapies.


Cognitive-behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a psychotherapeutic management that supports clients’ learn how to recognize and adjust damaging and troubling thought patterns that adversely impact their feelings and conduct. The Therapy focuses on clients’ mood, behavior, and automatic negative thought patterns that contribute to depression, emotional difficulties, and anxiety (Lin, 2001). CBT helps identify the challenges, thoughts and substitutes them with realistic ideas that are more objective. CBT focuses on a range of role-playing, journaling, mental distraction, and relaxation techniques to help people overcome negative thought patterns. The therapist challenges some of the client’s believes and actions as either irrational or self-destructive Cognitive-Behavioral and Client-Centered therapies Essay.

On the other hand, person-centered therapy also called Client-Centered Therapy, is a counseling approach where the client takes an active role in the treatment process, and the therapist assumes a supportive role. The client chooses the treatment path while the therapist helps classify the client’s reactions to encourage self-actualization. The main aim of Client-Centered Therapy is to increase openness and self-esteem. The therapist helps clients to reduce defensiveness, insecurity, and guilt by advocating for self-realization. This, in turn, improves relations with other people and enhances the ability to express and increase capacity to have a more comfortable relationship.

Client-centered therapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) are common concepts used in psychotherapy and counseling.  They have different theoretical approaches, so they have different uses in medicine.  Factors such as treatment setting and age of the client will determine the type of treatment to be applied.  Both therapies, however, guide patients on their own initiative and self-discovery journey.  This paper evaluates the application of theories and the effectiveness of counseling by comparing cognitive behavioral therapy and human-based models Cognitive-Behavioral and Client-Centered therapies Essay.


Client-Centered Therapy provides a non-judgmental and empathic environment to the person to help in a reflective assessment of emotions resulting from life scenarios. The counselor applies active listening to give a client a chance to reveal personal problems, emotions, and ways to manage them. However, the application and efficacy are pecked on the client’s life situation and age. In a study by Hanley and Gibbard (2008), the therapist used client-based counseling on mild mental health problems. The clients suffered from anxiety and mood disorders. The client was given time to narrate their experiences in a setting free from criticism and questioning. The result showed that client-Centered is an effective method in helping mentally ill patients understand their conditions and manage their life experiences. The aim of client centered is to enable clients to internalize their experiences to overcome them.

Cochran and Tursi’s (2006) study shows that the client-centered approach focuses on enhancing clients’ self-concept.  The counselor understands that the client’s behavior and feelings come out due to self-preservation when faced with distressing scenarios. The researcher observed that the counseling relationship is improved when the therapist provides an empathetic and warm counseling setting -This environment gives control to the client to narrate personal life information.

In Hanley and Gibbard (2008), they found that Client-Centered Therapy helps clients with anxiety and mood disorder to develop positive self-actualization. They concluded that Client-Centered Therapy is useful for clients with a mild mental illness. Lin (2001) found that the differences between Chinese and western culture hinder cognitive-behavioral Therapy’s effectiveness in giving Therapy to Chinese clients. The cognitive-behavior therapist should adjust their approaches when dealing with clients from different cultures. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Cognitive-Behavioral and Client-Centered therapies Essay.


Both concepts are relevant in different contexts and have been applied to current situations requiring group or individual treatment.  This paper evaluates the application of theories and the effectiveness of counseling by comparing cognitive behavioral therapy and human-based models.

The two scholars have shown some similarities between knowledge-based counseling and human-based counseling.  Both approaches are aimed at improving the customer’s journey of self-awareness.  In addition, treatments improve their clients’ self-concept and understanding of life.  Both models identify the need for action or behavior changes that come from the client’s perspective rather than the consultants’ suggestions.

The process of change The client-centered treatment involves psychological changes that eliminate the perception between ‘life’ and ‘self’ as a result of cognitive-behavioral therapy.  The effectiveness of client-centered therapy is limited to children, because they do not limit themselves to a therapist who impedes their development.  On the other hand, the cognitive-behavioral approach may not be appropriate for clients who do not express emotional expressions.

Cognitive behavioral therapy is intended to change the client’s beliefs that lead to more serious disorders.  The approach challenges customer perspectives, which can lead to self-harm.  Customer feedback is based on community and cultural factors.  A study by Lin (2001) examined the foundations of the concept of cognitive behaviors that describe the effectiveness of Chinese client psychotherapy.  Scholars have identified Western values, philosophies, personal relationships, socialization, and self-concept (Lin, 2001) Cognitive-Behavioral and Client-Centered therapies Essay.

This shows the value, cognitive process and behavior of cultural forms.  Cognitive-behavioral approach is intended to encourage clients to develop more self-concept and self-confidence.  It therefore challenges the Chinese Confucianism and Collective Values.  In Chinese culture, public expression and self-confidence are considered deceptive.  Therefore, the application and effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy is based on ethnic background (Lin, 2001).  The therapist must distinguish between the client and the concept of negative emotions.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy is similar to client-centered counseling.  In a study by Pastor and Shechtman (2005), they compared the two approaches to the effectiveness of children’s counseling.  To some extent, scholars have evaluated children’s behavior and academic performance.  The results were better than the human approach to cognitive-behavioral therapy.  Cognitive-behavioral therapy disrupts group therapy in a structured environment.


According to Cochran and Tursi (2006), cognitive-behavioral therapy is similar to client-centered therapies in that it facilitates self-stimulation in clients.  The researchers concluded that long-term psychotherapy can help victims cope with personal and emotional issues and improve individuals’ abilities.


Client-Centered Therapy and Cognitive-behavioral approaches are crucial to counseling. Both counseling’s have distinct and separate therapeutic uses based on clients’ settings and characteristics. Both methods can be used simultaneously to address client’s challenges. The therapist approach is vital in the client-centered approach than his skills—the therapist attitudes like unconditional positive regards, genuineness, and empathy. The therapists accelerate self-actualization by providing the right environment for the clients to feel freely involved, in-depth self-exploration, and focused Cognitive-Behavioral and Client-Centered therapies Essay.


Basch, D. I. (2019). Exposure-based cognitive behavioral Therapy and client-centered Therapy: A pragmatic case study of a technically eclectic, integrationist approach (Doctoral dissertation, Rutgers University-Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology).

Gibbard, I. & Hanley, T. (2008). A five-year evaluation of the effectiveness of person-centered Counseling in routine clinical practice in primary care. Counseling and Psychotherapy Research, 8(4), 215-222.

Lin, Y. (2001). The Application of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy to Counseling Chinese. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 55(4), 46-52.

Shechtman, Z. & Pastor, R. (2005). Cognitive-behavioral and humanistic group treatment for Children with learning disabilities: A comparison of outcomes and process. Journal of Counseling Psychology 52(1), 322-336.

Tursi, M. & Cochran, J. (2006). Cognitive-behavioral tasks accomplished in person-centered Relational framework. Journal of Counseling & Development, 84(2), 387-398 Cognitive-Behavioral and Client-Centered therapies Essay.

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