Posted: September 11th, 2017
Question 10 A runner has depleted all the oxygen available for muscle energy. Which of the following will facilitate his continued muscle performance? • Question 11 Why is potassium able to diffuse easily in and out of cells? • Question 12 What is the role of cytokines in cell reproduction? • Question 13 A nurse is teaching a patient with diabetes how glucose is transported from the blood to the cell. What type of transport system should the nurse discuss with the patient? • Question 14 A 50-year-old male was recently diagnosed with Huntington disease. Transmission of this disease is associated with: • Question 15 The nurse is teaching staff about the most common cause of Down syndrome. What is the nurse describing? • Question 16 A patient has severe mental retardation caused by a deletion of part of chromosome 5. What genetic disorder will the nurse see documented in the chart? • Question 17 A eukaryotic cell is undergoing DNA replication. In which region of the cell would most of the genetic information be contained? • Question 18 The nurse would be correct in identifying the predominant extracellular cation as: • Question 19 A group of prison inmates developed tuberculosis following exposure to an infected inmate. On examination, tissues were soft and granular (like clumped cheese). Which of the following is the most likely cause? • Question 20 A patient who has diarrhea receives a hypertonic saline solution intravenously to replace the sodium and chloride lost in the stool. What effect will this fluid replacement have on cells? • Question 21 The early dilation (swelling) of the cell’s endoplasmic reticulum results in: • Question 22 After a geneticist talks to the patient about being a chromosomal mosaic, the patient asks the nurse what that means. How should the nurse respond? You may _____ genetic disease(s). • Question 23 A 13-year-old girl has a karyotype that reveals an absent homologous X chromosome with only a single X chromosome present. What medical diagnosis will the nurse observe on the chart? • Question 24 Sodium and water accumulation in an injured cell are a direct result of: • Question 25 An aide asks the nurse why people who have neurofibromatosis will show varying degrees of the disease. Which genetic principle should the nurse explain to the aide?
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