Posted: September 11th, 2017

A 3-year-old male was diagnosed with congenital hypothyroidism. The parents ask the nurse if left untreated what will happen. What is the nurse’s best response?

Question 18 A 12-year-old female is newly diagnosed with type 1 DM. When the parents ask what causes this, what is the nurse’s best response? • Question 19 A nurse is teaching a patient about insulin. Which information should the nurse include? Insulin is primarily regulated by: • Question 20 A patient wants to know what can cause ACTH to be released. How should the nurse respond? • Question 21 Visual disturbances are a common occurrence in patients with untreated Graves disease. The endocrinologist explains to the patient that the main cause of these complications is: • Question 22 A 39-year-old female just had a baby. Which hormone will prevent excessive uterine bleeding? • Question 23 A 19-year-old female with type 1 DM was admitted to the hospital with the following lab values: serum glucose 500 mg/dl (high), urine glucose and ketones 4+ (high), and arterial pH 7.20 (low). Her parents state that she has been sick with the “flu” for a week. Which of the following statements best explains her acidotic state? • Question 24 When insulin binds to its receptors on muscle cells, an increase in glucose uptake by the muscle cells occurs. This is an example of a _____ effect by a hormone. • Question 25 A 12-year-old male is newly diagnosed with type 1 DM. Which of the following tests should the nurse prepare the patient to best confirm the diagnosis? • Question 26 While planning care for a patient from general anesthesia, which principle should the nurse remember? A side effect of some general anesthetic agents is _____ diabetes insipidus. • Question 27 A 22-year-old male is admitted to the intensive care unit with a closed head injury sustained in a motorcycle accident. The injury has caused severe damage to the posterior pituitary. Which of the following complications should the nurse anticipate? • Question 28 A 40-year-old male undergoes surgery for a PTH-secreting tumor in which the parathyroid is removed. Which of the following would the nurse expect following surgery? • Question 29 A 50-year-old female presents with lightheadedness and overall abnormal feelings. Hyperaldosteronism is diagnosed. Which of the following symptoms would the nurse expect? • Question 30 Diabetes insipidus, diabetes mellitus (DM), and SIADH share which of the following assessment manifestations? • Question 31 If the patient has a problem with the pineal gland, which substance would the nurse monitor? • Question 32 A student asks the instructor which of the following is the most potent naturally occurring glucocorticoid. How should the instructor respond? • Question 33 A 30-year-old male was diagnosed with hypothyroidism. Synthesis of which of the following would decrease in this patient? • Question 34 An endocrinologist isolated a new hormone and found it to be a water-soluble amine. Which of the following is most like this new hormone? • Question 35 A 3-year-old male was diagnosed with congenital hypothyroidism. The parents ask the nurse if left untreated what will happen. What is the nurse’s best response? If left untreated, the child would have:

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